January, 2015
January, 2015
APLD NJ Newsletter
In This Issue
New Year Review
APLDNJ Winter Workshop
Getting Ready for Change
The Use of Water Elements
Plant of the Month
Deer Control ???
A Call for Submissions…

Chapter meeting/event Dates



Dates to  




Our Sponsors






NJ Deer Control






 See our website for more about these sponsors…

Happy New Year! 

And so another year begins. Whenever one looks back it seems that time passes so quickly.

2014 was another successful year for the APLDNJ Chapter. Besides having our booth at the NJNLA PLANTS show and the NJ Flower and Garden show (both held in Edison) we also had a booth at the NJ Patio, Flower and Home show (held at the Morristown Armory) In April we had our 4th annual Sponsor MEET and GREET event. In May we participated for the first time in the Mansion in May event at Blairsden in Peapack.

We met in June at the Garden Cottage  in Morristown for an evening event and learned new things about outdoor furniture and firepits and how we might implement these things in our designs. We tried to hold a CAD workshop in July – must have been too hot because we had to cancel that one due to low registration.

In August we participated in the NJNLA Summer Symposium. This year was particular interesting as the day included several garden tours in Princeton, a tour of Pleasant Run Nursery which included lunch and the final stop at Rutgers Gardens for a barbeque dinner and presentation by keynote speaker Vincent Simeone. We view this event as our August meeting and without fail it is always a great day.

A 2 day Long Island garden tour was held in September. There are definitely some beautiful public and private gardens in Long Island!

We gathered for an event in October at Mike Gannon’s house in Summit. He explained the features of his own pond and showed us many other beautiful ponds in a photo presentation. Mike is the owner of Full Service Aquatics. He became a Gold sponsor to the APLDNJ Chapter in April, 2014.

The APLD International Conference was held in Orlando, Florida on November 4 – 7. A three day event with speakers, garden tours and a gigantic trade show. This conference was held in conjunction with with the 2014 International Pool, Spa and Patio Expo.

And so – full circle – we are back to where we started. The NJ Plants show is less than 3 weeks away. We are getting ready – are you?


APLDNJ’s Annual 

Winter Workshop


Wednesday, March 11, 2015

SketchUp Bootcamp with 

Bill Einhorn, APLD, RLA


Get a solid introduction to SketchUp or just brush up your skills. In addition to being     President of APLD’s NY Chapter and running a busy design/build practice, Bill Einhorn teaches SketchUp regularly at the New York Botanical Garden and we have him for the entire day!

Selling your design vision depends on how well you can communicate your intent to a client. 3D imaging has become an industry standard and SketchUp is the go-to tool to create those images. Best of all it’s free!

The workshop will be taught in the state of the art design studio in the new LEED Gold certified Landscape and Horticultural Technology building at County College of Morris and will be limited to 20 participants, lunch will be served.

Watch your email box for more information and how to sign up after the New Year!


Getting Ready for Change

APLD restructures membership categories and requirements starting in 2016.


Since its inception in 1989, APLD has represented professional landscape designers on many fronts, including in the legislative and advocacy arenas. In recent years, regulations have increased in many professions, and landscape design is no exception. An ad hoc task force was created to address raising the level of professionalism within the APLD membership to enable better representation of the profession with regulatory bodies. After

two years of study, a final recommendation was made to and approved by the APLD Board of Directors in November 2014.

Course of Action

The approved changes will restructure all membership categories and requirements. This restructure defines all levels of membership and outlines specific professional requirements for each category including levels of education, professional documentation, years of experience and a commitment to continuing education. A synopsis of the new categories of membership and requirements can be found here.

These changes will take effect for the January 2016 renewal period, so you have a full year to prepare!

Next Steps

There are several things you can do to ready yourself for the upcoming changes:

1. Identify your category of membership and determine the education and documents you will need to gather.

2. Look at the CEU requirements for your membership level and start planning for your continued professional development.

3. Review the certification requirements, if you are eligible, and start planning to attain this status of membership in 2015.

4. Pay attention over the next few months to the Design Online

and eblasts for more specific information as well as a description of each new membership category.

APLD is committed to advancing the profession of landscape design through higher professional standards, and the membership initiative underscores that commitment.

Using Water Elements 
 in Today’s Landscapes

Design it, Build it, or Work with an Installer?

Professional landscape design is a challenging and dynamic field. Each project having very unique design aspects that vary from client to client. Each passing year will bring new design trends from the industry and new desires from your clients. The job of a professional landscape designer requires an awareness and an ability to respond to industry trends and client demands. It is not always easy keeping up with modern design approaches and often times will require keeping your ear to the ground in
anticipation of what the industry will bring.
Water features in the landscape are not anything new, and have
actually been with us since antiquity. How we approach water feature design however; is always changing. In today’s landscape designs water features such as koi ponds, water gardens, waterfalls, etc. have kept a slow but steady upward growth trend; especially with the advent of much easier equipment to use and much better long term results on finished products. For the professional landscape designer who is keeping their ear to the ground a massive shift in landscape design can clearly be heard! Are you ready for this? Is your company and crew ready for this?
If your company is not prepared, well start getting ready. Water
features of all types are about to become very trendy and very much in demand; and your company should have a plan to respond to the demand. Why is this new demand coming about? TV. Yes, TV, which has helped the landscape industry tremendously in the past with TV show after TV show geared toward backyard renovations and outdoor living. TV has helped create a demand for better functioning and more creative landscape designs. The landscape professional owes a lot to
the awareness that this type of programming has done for the
industry. And now some new programming is already prime time and making an impact on your customers. Water features used to be a side show for the landscape TV genre, but
now they are becoming front and center with several new shows on the market, and new shows in development that are making the water feature in the landscape front and center. Water features are becoming their very own genre of TV and you need to be prepared for the new demand for water features that will come with this exposure to the masses.
So now is the time to spend money on all new marketing, retrain your crews, buy new equipment, learn how to properly install every type of water feature, learn about fish, learn about aquatic plants, learn about controlling water quality, train new service techs, and wade through all the junk equipment on the market and find out what really works. You have a TON of work ahead of you! …or do you? Maybe it is better to not go through the growing pains, time, and investments needed to become proficient and profitable at installing water features for your clients. Maybe the time, expense, and learning curves can be eliminated and you can jump right into offering water features for your clients and being profitable at it. How can this be
done? How can the landscape design professional get up to speed right away?
Why not turn to an established water feature professional and develop a working relationship with them? Did you know there are companies who strictly specialize in water gardens, koi ponds, waterfall displays, and water features; with fully trained installers? Did you know many of these companies would love to connect with a landscape designer to help improve and grow BOTH parties businesses? As the owner of Full Service Aquatics, a water feature specialty company in New Jersey, I know of companies across America who would jump at the opportunity to become YOUR installer. Trained, experienced, and certified water feature companies have always strove to develop mutually beneficial and profitable relationships with landscape designers; and with the oncoming new demand for these type of projects now more than ever they’d love to connect with your company.
Teaming up with a pond and water feature professional will save your company money while bringing in a new revenue stream; and that is the bottom line. The traditional method of hiring/firing, training, teaching, buying equipment, and all other associated expenses for your company can easily be, and should be, avoided. Teaming up with a water feature professional is a quick and easy way for your company to jump right into satisfied customers and profitable projects. This day and age, and with these market conditions, why would you do it any differently!
Get your company’s feet wet with water features, develop your blue thumb, and don’t miss out on the opportunities that
are coming your way in the very near future! Ponds, water gardens, and water features are about to become VERY trendy, don’t be left high and dry!
For more information on Water Features and your business contact:
Mike Gannon
Full Service Aquatics at 908-277-6000 or email at


Bergenia: A Colorful Winter Squeak!


Avid gardeners have long realized that a ‘Garden’ is not merely a ‘warm-weather’ friend whose interest fades with the onset of colder weather. Much to the contrary, winter can provide an entirely unique and beautiful display of colors and textures, untold in any other season. The challenge is conveying that message to the general gardening public, who consider winter to be that ‘non-gardening’ season. Fortunately, there are a number of plants that provide interest during the frenzied season of springtime buying that, unbeknownst to the buyer, have garden interest far beyond spring. Pigsqueak or Bergenia is one of these fun plants that many purchase in April for the flowers, only to learn of its benefits come the winter solstice!



is a member of the Saxifrage family, a group of approximately 440 species of plants, typically found in rocky, almost alpine conditions. The name Bergenia was coined in 1794 by the Professor Conrad Moench (1744-1805) of the Marlburg University in Germany, honoring a fellow German Botanist and Physician, Karl August von Bergen (1704-1759). Of course, nothing is ever clearly defined with plants, especially before rapid communication; in 1821, the English botanist Adrian Hardy Haworth (1767-1833) named the genus Megasea from the Greek Megas for large. The leaves of Bergenia are typically very large and coarse, prompting Hawsorth to script this name that even to this day is occasionally seen. The plant’s common name of Pigsqueak is far more entertaining, since when the large rubbery leaves are rubbed together, they produce a squeal very reminiscent of a pig’s squeak!




Most Bergenia species inhabit the colder regions of western Asia. Originating from Siberia and Mongolia,

Bergenia cordifolia
has heart-shaped or cordate foliage, which ironically Adrian Haworth originally named
Saxafraga cordifolia! The heart-shaped leaves grow upwards of 10″ tall and 8″ across. As is typical of the genus, Bergenia cordifolia spreads slowly via a thick rhizomatous root system, allowing the plant to develop into a dense, weed suppressing colony. The bell-shaped flowers appear in colors of white, pink or red, depending upon the seedling and are displayed along a branched spike which stretches to 8″ above the foliage. The foliage remains green throughout the growing season, but with the advent of winter, it assumes shades of deep red and amber! Native to the Eastern Himalayas and Western China, Bergenia purpurascens is very similar in appearance, although the flowers are purplish red to pink. Throughout the summer, the leaves have hints of purple which intensify into strong reds and deep purples come winter. The crosses made between these two species come under the designation of Bergenia x smithii, as named in 1930 by Heinrich Gustav Adolf Engler. A selection of B. x smithii available for NJ gardens is the dark pink flowered form named ‘Bressingham Ruby’. The foliage forms dense mats to 12″ that is dark green in summer with glowing shades of red come winter. It looks stunning when combined with Red-Stemmed Dogwood or Willows! ‘Bressingham White’ has similar winter foliage but with white flowers in April.




Another fun species for the garden is

Bergenia ciliata. Native to Afghanistan and Western Pakistan, it is deciduous and consequently has no winter interest. Come April, it reawakens with light pink flowers followed by foliage that once again takes center stage, as the hairy or cilieate leaves grow to an impressive paddle-like size of 12″tall by 12″ wide. A bold textured plant indeed!

Pigsqueaks perform well in moist, well-drained soils and prefer light shade. In their native haunts, they grow in areas shaded by large rocks or on shady rocky bluffs. However, they are tolerant of a wide range of soil types and pH’s and can endure full sun in moister soils. Maintenance is low, as the new foliage of spring arches up and over the fading foliage of the year prior, eliminating the need to remove older foliage. Division is needed every 5-8 years. It should also be planted where the gardener can touch the thick waxy foliage and produce that delightful squeak – after all, we winter gardeners delight in more than just color alone!

Article written by Bruce Crawford

Director at Rutgers Gardens


“You have deer in New Jersey?”… How many times have you been in that conversation outside of our state? Of course the answer is yes, in fact there are so many deer that they actually pose a problem in more places than not! So, not only are we the most densely populated state in the US, but we have one of the most dense deer populations as well! The variables to this equation are adding up to trouble for many residents of our beautiful garden state!
Ironically, just over a hundred years ago there were hardly any white-tailed deer in the state. Hunting and lack of proper habitat had severely limited their numbers, but now that is not the case. There are two major changes to the deer’s environment that have caused this dramatic population change.
First, deer are an “edge species”, which means they thrive in habitat that has wooded borders next to fields or open spaces. New Jersey used to be made up of larger, homogenous tracts of land that were rapidly subdivided over and over again, which, in turn, created the plethora of “edge” habitat we have today. Second, our state’s largest herbivore has thrived from the lack of any natural predators, which were quickly extirpated as our human population grew. (Now, if we could only re-introduce wolves and mountain lions…). So now you can see we have ourselves to blame for creating the perfect scenario for deer to flourish!
For those of us that love gardening and maintaining a beautiful landscape, deer are an issue on many levels. Not only are they a very mobile animal, but they can jump eight foot fences! In addition, their physiology allows them to digest different food materials at different times of the year. This is a natural survival adaptation, and the reason why they leave your yews and arborvitae alone in the summer, yet thrive on these evergreens in the winter. The enzymes in their stomachs change to allow digestion and retrieval of nutrients from these harder materials; a useful adaptation during harsh winters when food is often scarce.
Deer have wreaked havoc on our natural, agricultural and landscaped worlds. Farmers are constantly battling deer to save their crops, and extensive overgrazing of our forests’ undergrowth often threatens the integrity and existence of our native flora and fauna.
I would bet that everybody reading this article has seen the effects of deer in our natural and landscaped surroundings. Have you ever seen a row of arborvitae that looked like popsicles on a stick? Or maybe you’ve gone to bed one night after seeing a beautiful bed of tulips and woken up to a depressing bed of flowerless stems? At the very least you have been witness to a once lush hosta, eaten nearly to the ground, doomed to live the rest of the season looking like a patch of celery stalks. Now before you get angry, remember, we all helped create this problem. These cute creatures are just trying to survive, like all wild animals, in a world that is constantly shrinking in on them.
Why combat the deer at all? For many homeowners the answer is obvious. Residents often invest large amounts of money to enhance their property with striking landscapes. Unfortunately, a small number of deer can cause thousands of dollars worth of damage in just one night. With the price of plants, shrubs, and trees always on the rise, protecting your investment is, in essence, like having an insurance policy on your landscaping. Furthermore, it will help provide the homeowner with some peace of mind by eliminating the mental anguish of looking at a damaged landscape on a daily basis.”
So what’s the solution? Well, there are many options, often with varying degrees of success. Some of the classic “home remedies” include human hair, soap, eggs, hot peppers, garlic and more. Another is a planting strategy where deer-resistant plants (a list growing shorter every year) are planted on the perimeter with more desirable plants on the interior. Deer netting is another option; but often the result is unsightly, and I have personally witnessed deer pushing through or breaking into the netting. They can be pretty determined and crafty animals!
Want a fool-proof plan? A permanent 9-foot fence surrounding your property, with small vertical grates, is sure to do the trick. The downside is fences are very expensive and restricted by ordinances in many townships. Another option is the many sprays and granulars available at nurseries, gardening supply stores and even Home Depot. Their downsides often include foul smell, ineffectiveness, lack of weather resistance and the limited ability of the homeowner to stay on top of the scheduled applications.

Last but not least, there are a number of companies that provide deer repellent spraying services, but very few that only specialize in deer repellent.Some are very professional, possessing a wealth of knowledge about their product, spraying strategies, and most importantly the habits and lifestyles of deer. Regardless of who you hire, it’s very important that your property be kept on a strict spraying schedule. So buyer beware because there is no substitute for experience and expertise in this business!

Editors note: Chris Markham is a wildlife biologist and has been in the deer repellent business for almost 10 years. He is co-owner of New Jersey Deer Control and he and his team of experts use a natural repellent that he invented and patented. For information on their statewide deer repellent spraying service, call 732-995-7264 or visit them at


As the New Year begins we want to thank all of our Sponsors for their support in 2014


Our  Sponsors….







Brock farms logo

  PRN logo


Walpole Woodworkers

 Halls Garden Center snip


Jeannie Marcucci
APLD New Jersey Chapter Writer

A Call for Submissions….
Anybody looking to submit articles or photos for future newsletters please send your questions and material to:
Jeannie Marcucci


Copyright 2013 Association of Professional Landscape Designers, New Jersey Chapter, All Rights Reserved.